One of the most influential Catholic military monastic orders of the Middle Ages was the Order of the Poor Knights of Christ of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes Commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of the Temple (and frequently said in the Frenchified form Order of the Temple), whose members are known as Knights Templar. It operated for just about two centuries. Following the First Crusade, nine French knights under the leadership of Hugo de Payns formed it in 1118 or 1119. Its original objective was to safeguard the lives of Christians who traveled to Jerusalem for religious purposes following its conquest (mainly from the port city of Jaffa).
Garmond de Picquigny, the Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, granted the order recognition and enforced the Augustinian canons of the Holy Sepulchre as a rule on it. The Latin Rule is the name given to this rule in the Templar setting.
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