This white weapon is cut and arose from the need for speed in combat. This is achieved by cutting and not leaving the blade embedded in the opponent's body (unlike most one-handed swords, which are thrust).
The curvature, which is generally located from the tip to the middle of the saber, generates a deep gash.
The curvature of the saber is supposed to achieve, in theory, that a man on horseback, when unloading his arm with this weapon, draws a wide circle over the infant, making the saber always tangential at the cutting point. For this reason it is not skewered, but cuts, thereby increasing the wound without stabbing the weapon. Because of this, sabers designed for cavalry have a great curvature, they are almost circular; those designed for infantry have a lower curvature, since importance must be given to the defensive function: to keep the enemy away and stop their blows.
The modern saber is, along with the epee and foil, one of the three fencing weapons. Derived from the weapon used by cavalry soldiers. It has a bowl-shaped guard, which curves under the hand, and a T-shaped blade in cross section. The length of the saber is 90 cm and its maximum weight is 500 g. The headdresses or points can be obtained by striking with the tip or by producing a cut with the edge of the blade. The valid target is the entire body from the waist up, including the head and arms. Saber rounds are the fastest and most agile in fencing, so they require good physical form.