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A claymore (/ˈkleɪmɔːr/; from Scottish Gaelic: claidheamh-mòr, "great sword") is either the Scottish variant of the late medieval two-handed sword or the Scottish variant of the basket-hilted sword. The former is characterised as having a cross hilt of forward-sloping quillons with quatrefoil terminations and was in use from the 15th to 17th centuries.

The word claymore was first used in reference to swords in the 18th century in Scotland and parts of England to refer to basket-hilted swords. This description was maybe not used during the 17th century, when basket-hilted swords were the primary military swords across Europe, but these basket-hilted, broad-bladed, swords remained in service with officers of Scottish regiments into the 21st century. After the Acts of Union in 1707 when Scottish and English regiments were integrated together, the swords were seen as a mark of distinction by Scottish officers over the more slender sabres used by their English contemporaries: a symbol of physical strength and prowess, and a link to the historic Highland way of life.

Two-handed (Highland) Claymore

The two-handed claymore was a large sword used in the late Medieval and early modern periods. It was used in the constant clan warfare and border fights with the English from circa 1400 to 1700. Although claymores existed as far back as the Wars of Scottish Independence they were smaller and few had the typical quatrefoil design (as can be seen on the Great Seal of John Balliol King of Scots). The last known battle in which it is considered to have been used in a significant number was the Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689. It was somewhat longer than other two-handed swords of the era. The English did use swords similar to the Claymore during the renaissance called a greatsword. The two-handed claymore seems to be an offshoot of early Scottish medieval longswords (similar to the espee de guerre or grete war sword) which had developed a distinctive style of a cross-hilt with forward-angled arms that ended in spatulate swellings. The lobed pommels on earlier swords were inspired by the Viking style. The spatulate swellings were later frequently made in a quatrefoil design. 

The average claymore ran about 140 cm (55 in) in overall length, with a 33 cm (13 in) grip, 107 cm (42 in) blade, and a weight of approximately 5.5 lb (2.5 kg). For instance, in 1772 Thomas Pennant described a sword seen on his visit to Raasay as: "an unwieldy weapon, two inches broad, doubly edged; the length of the blade three feet seven inches; of the handle, fourteen inches; of a plain transverse guard, one foot; the weight six pounds and a half." The largest claymore on record; known as Fuilteach Mhuirt "blooded/bloody one of murder/killing", weighs 10 kilograms and measures 2.24 metres in length. It is believed to have been wielded by a member of Clan Maxwell circa the 15th century. The sword is currently in the possession of the National War Museum in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Fairly uniform in style, the sword was set with a wheel pommel often capped by a crescent-shaped nut and a guard with straight, forward-sloping arms ending in quatrefoils, and langets running down the centre of the blade from the guard. Another common style of two-handed claymore (though lesser known today) was the "clamshell hilted" claymore. It had a crossguard that consisted of two downward-curving arms and two large, round, concave plates that protected the foregrip. It was so named because the round guards resembled an open clam.

Brand: Windlass
This Bastard Sword is a large sword that could have been used in the Tudor ranks at the Battle of Bosworth in 1845. This sword is enormous in size, but it is also exceedingly light and beautifully balanced. The wide blade is made of high carbon steel that has been forged. The pommel and guard have a..
Ex Tax:203.30€
Brand: Amont
Sword of William Wallace from Braveheart movie. Unofficial replica. The pommel and guard are nickel-colored, and the handle is brown. With a total size of 114cm, it is made of steel. It includes scabbard...
Ex Tax:70.99€
Beautiful Claymore Sword in which the carbon steel blade was hand-forged. The wooden hilt has leather wrapping. Blade length: approx. 105 cm..
Ex Tax:93.31€
Claymore Sword, Marto Collection Claymore Sword, Marto Collection
-10 %
Brand: Marto
Claymore Sword, replicated by Marto. Made in Stainless Steel, it has an overall length of approx. 145 cm and weighs around 2.5 Kgs. Gorgeous ornamental finishing. Claymore is a greatsword sharpened by both blades, which required both hands to be wielded and with a very long handle (at least a q..
257.40€ 286.00€
Ex Tax:212.73€
English Medieval Sword, 15th Century English Medieval Sword, 15th Century
This Tewkesbury medieval english sword is a classic example of a late medieval long cut and thrust sword, named after the historic fight. Although this lovely, inexpensive hand and a half sword (also known as a bastard sword) is not a full-scale replica of any historical original from this great Eng..
Ex Tax:120.58€
Brand: Hanwei
The Claymore, a mainstay of Highland fighters in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, featured a distinctively designed hilt that marked it apart from other renowned swords of the time.This flexible weapon, which is usually hand-and-a-half long, may deliver enormous sweeping cuts or strong thrust..
Ex Tax:269.34€
Brand: Cold Steel
The reconstruction of Cold Steel®´s Italian Longsword is based on an Italian philosophy of sword design. Although the blade and balance favor thrusting assaults, the cutting edges are also incredibly powerful. With its long downturned cross guard, leather-over-wood grip, and counterbalancing fish-ta..
Ex Tax:404.88€
Brand: Battlecry
Bosworth Long Sword - Functional Combat SwordBosworth Longsword, long sword from the BattleCry Collection by Windlass Steelcrafts. Designed specifically to be used. It is made of 1065 carbon steel with a blackened finish. Extra wide spike and tempered to about 50RC. It has a pre-sharpened blade that..
Ex Tax:240.41€
A stunning two-handed sword copy from the late Middle Ages. This sword type, often known as Bastard Sword or simply Long Sword, first debuted in the 14th century.Only by hand is this practical blunt long-sword manufactured. Steel is used for the upturned guard with twisted parrying ring. The hardwoo..
Ex Tax:156.94€
Brand: Hanwei
Hanwei's Basket-Hilt sword is a duplicate of a circa-1760 original found in the Royal Armouries' English collection. The original sword's blade was probably created in Germany a century ago and re-hilted as basket designs improved. It has a peculiar blade with twin fullers running the majority of it..
Ex Tax:371.89€
Brand: Cold Steel
The Highland clansman's iconic sword, the Scottish Broadsword, features a large, double-edged blade and a recognizable basket hilt. This sword has proven to be more than a match for enemy warriors on battlefields all around the world when used with targe and dirk.Cold Steel® has decided to create it..
Ex Tax:297.51€
Replica of an 1828 common Scottish broadsword used in Scotland.High carbon steel is used to create the single-edged blade, which features two fullers. The wooden scabbard for this sword is coated in leather and has a very ornate basket.Total length: approx. 104 cmBlade length: approx. 89.5 cmMax. bl..
Ex Tax:123.96€
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